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project_management [2010/06/09 12:07]
172.26.14.218
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-====== Project Management ====== 
  
-  * [[#subversion|Subversion]] - centralized version control for programming projects) 
-  * [[#trac|Trac]] - web-based code viewer, bug tracker, and ticketing system 
-  * [[project_management:redmine|Redmine]] - web-based code viewer, bug tracker, and ticketing system 
- 
-====== Subversion ====== 
- 
-Subversion (SVN) uses a centralized model to manage software projects.  Collaborators check the source code out from the repository to their local development environments, make changes, then check code back in. 
- 
-The repository can be on the local machine or a remote server, as SVN supports several protocols (%%svn://%%, %%http://%% using Apache's mod_dav_svn module, %%file://%%, etc).. 
- 
-===== Install ===== 
-<code>$ sudo aptitude install subversion</code> 
-Configure Apache: 
- 
-===== Create a New Project ===== 
-==== On The Server ==== 
- 
-Create the project skeleton (the name isn't important, it is only a folder in the file system): 
-<code>$ sudo mkdir /tmp/myproject 
-$ sudo mkdir /tmp/myproject/{branches,tags,trunk}</code> 
- 
-Create the SVN repository, : 
-<code>$ sudo mkdir /mnt/repositories/myproject 
-$ sudo svnadmin create /mnt/repositories/myproject</code> 
- 
-Import the initial project skeleton: 
-<code>$ svn import /tmp/myproject/ file:///mnt/repositories/myproject/ -m "Initial import of project skeleton"</code> 
- 
-Clean up temp files and repository permissions. The repository needs ''www-data'' permissions because Apache will be serving our repository for us: 
-<code>$ sudo rm -rf /tmp/myproject 
-$ sudo find /mnt/repositories/myproject/ -type f -exec chmod 660 {} \; 
-$ sudo find /mnt/repositories/myproject/ -type d -exec chmod 2770 {} \; 
-$ sudo chown -R root.www-data /mnt/repositories/myproject/</code> 
- 
-Tell Apache to use ''/svn/myproject'' URLs with the dav_svn module, ''/etc/apache2/conf.d/svn.conf'': 
-<file><Location /svn/myproject> 
-    DAV svn  
-    SVNPath /mnt/repositories/myproject 
-    AuthzSVNAccessFile /mnt/repositories/authz_svn_access 
- 
-    AuthName "Microsoft Active Directory Authentication" 
-    AuthType Basic 
- 
-    PerlAuthenHandler Apache2::AuthenMSAD 
-    PerlSetVar MSADDomain ilri.cgiarad.org 
-    PerlSetVar MSADServer 172.26.0.218 
- 
-    # require any valid AD user to access the repo via Apache, 
-    # then use fine-grained controls in the AuthzSVNAccessFile 
-    # above. See: http://svnbook.red-bean.com/nightly/en/svn.serverconfig.pathbasedauthz.html#id646000 
-    require valid-user 
- 
-    # Or, use specific (but dumb) controls here in the Apache 
-    # config file instead of the AuthzSVNAccessFile above. 
-    #require user aorth akihara 
-</Location></file> 
-Gracefully restart Apache to enable the changes: 
-<code>$ sudo apache2ctl graceful</code> 
- 
-==== On The Client ==== 
- 
-Check out the development branch ("trunk") to a local folder ("myproject"): 
-<code>$ cd code/ 
-$ svn co --username=aorth https://172.26.17.2/svn/beca/trunk myproject</code> 
- 
-Import your existing code base ("mycode") into the project: 
-<code>$ cd myproject 
-$ cp -R /home/aorth/mycode/* . 
-$ svn add * 
-$ svn commit -m "Initial import of codebase"</code> 
- 
-===== Ignoring Files and Folders ===== 
-Sometimes you need to ignore certain files/folders (logs, temp files, etc) so that SVN doesn't try to commit those changes when it finds new files.  For example: ignore everything in our project's ''tmp'' folder: 
-<code>$ svn propedit svn:ignore tmp/</code> 
-And then place a single "*" in the text editor to ignore everything in the tmp folder.  Otherwise, you can do something like "*.log" to ignore all log files. 
- 
-===== Tagging Releases ===== 
-==== From trunk ==== 
-<code>$ cd myproject/ 
-$ svn copy . http://172.26.17.2/svn/myproject/tags/0.2</code> 
- 
-Switch a working copy to a certain release: 
-<code>$ svn sw http://172.26.17.2/svn/myproject/tags/0.2</code> 
- 
-===== Links ===== 
-  * http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/TracSubversion 
-====== Trac ====== 
- 
-Create a new Trac project: 
-<code>$ sudo trac-admin /var/lib/trac/myproject initenv</code> 
-Change the permissions so the Apache user can manage the Trac environment: 
-<code>$ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/lib/trac/myproject</code> 
-Configure Apache to use Python for '''/trac''' URLs.  Put settings in a new configuration file, ''/etc/apache2/conf.d/trac.conf'': 
-<file><Location /trac> 
-     SetHandler mod_python 
-     PythonHandler trac.web.modpython_frontend 
-     PythonOption TracEnvParentDir /var/lib/trac 
-     PythonOption TracUriRoot /trac 
-</Location></file> 
-The ''TracEnvParentDir'' option tells it to allow access to all Trac instances in the specified directory. 
- 
-Add Active Directory support for login URLs: 
-<file><Location /trac/myproject/login> 
-   AuthName "Microsoft Active Directory Authentication" 
-   AuthType Basic 
-    
-   PerlAuthenHandler Apache2::AuthenMSAD 
-   PerlSetVar MSADDomain ilri.cgiarad.org 
-   PerlSetVar MSADServer 172.26.0.218 
-    
-   #require valid-user 
-   require user aorth akihara jmagochi 
-</Location></file> 
-This will tie Active Directory authentication into the login system for Trac.  We use the same scheme for SVN too, so users will be able to log in as the same user they are submitting code as. 
- 
-Add a user as an admin in a particular Trac project: 
-<code>$ sudo trac-admin /var/lib/trac/myproject permission add aorth TRAC_ADMIN</code> 
- 
-===== Resync Trac/SVN ===== 
-If your Trac gets out of sync with your SVN repository you will have to resync them: 
-<code>$ sudo trac-admin /var/lib/trac/myproject resync 
-Resyncing repository history...  
-1 revision cached. 
-Done.</code> 
- 
-===== Links ===== 
- 
-  * http://trac.edgewall.org/wiki/TracAuthenticationIntroduction 
project_management.1276085255.txt.gz · Last modified: 2010/06/09 12:07 by 172.26.14.218